1224: St. Francis of Assisi became the first recorded person to receive the stigmata (crucifixion scars of Jesus Christ), during an extended period of prayer and fasting on Mount Alvernia, in Italy. Francis, who founded the Franciscan Order in 1209, is considered by some to be the greatest of all the Christian saints.
2006: The Vatican said Pope Benedict XVI “sincerely” regretted offending Muslims with his reference to an obscure medieval text characterizing some of the teachings of Islam’s founder as “evil and inhuman,” but the statement stopped short of the apology demanded by Islamic leaders.
2010: Pope Benedict XVI arrived in Edinburgh, Scotland for a four-day state visit to Britain, the first state visit by a pope to the U.K. He was received by the Queen Elizabeth II, symbolically significant because of the historic divide between the officially Protestant nation and the Catholic Church.
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