1644: William Penn, the founder of Pennsylvania, was born in London. A convert to Quakerism who was often jailed, he was given territory in North America in exchange for a debt. He and several friends settled in Pennsylvania and he planned the city of Philadelphia.
1700: Rabbi Judah he-Hasid and between 500 to 1,000 followers from Europe arrived in Jerusalem, roughly doubling the city’s Jewish population. Although Rabbi he-Hasid died a few days after his arrival, a restored version of the synagogue his followers established still exists at the same location.
1841: Queen’s College (now Queen’s University in Kingston, Ont.) obtained a royal charter as a Presbyterian institution of higher learning.
1885: The first Mormon settlers arrived in southern Alberta.
1964: American civil rights leader Martin Luther King was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for advocating a policy of non-violence.
1582: The Gregorian calendar was introduced…
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