Posts Tagged ‘Bathsheba’


Ancient wisdom tradition has the teacher who wrote Ecclesiastes being Solomon. Solomon born out of the forced marriage of David and Bathsheba. The one allowed to build the Temple that God stopped David from due to blood on his hands. Many will read blood on his hands as due to the wars he fought. Yet what is truly blood on your hands? The shattering of the commandments. The use of office power to forcefully rape a woman, plot the murder of her husband through unneeded risk to your own army, then. The image I always loved as the ultimate outcome. The child conceived, in Kyle Baker’s graphic novel about the story of David, shows that the child di not simply not survive birth, rather in the continued rage of power corrupting his soul, David killed the child. Thus, trapping Bathsheba in the ultimate abuse cycle for a woman in a time with no rights.

It is a story played out sadly many times regardless of gender repeatedly throughout the generations. Yet it was Joseph in the line of David that Jesus came through. But think of the Nativity story. Joseph was attempting to be “holy” in his contemplation, much like his line had been about the time. But God was at work to show how things should be in relations between humans. God asked Mary for her consent, her yes for the plan. He then went to Joseph to see if he would be willing to do what is just even though it contravened his societal rules.

This is at the core of the poetry in Ecclesiastes. It is about showing how extremes can strip all of their vocation and voice, leaving us reduced to commodities. Solomon’s empire collapsed because he allowed ideology to take root that was too expansive seeking power, glory and fortune; his father lost his blessing because his took root in black and white.

We missed the brutal warning against misogyny, gentrification and dehumanization milleniums ago. We missed the challenge to embrace a new path 2000 years ago in a Nazareth’s girl yes. Will we continue to miss opportunities to create the world that was breathed into being were all were one and all were equal?

And we are here with the words from 3:1-11, that show the balance of life (and the Birds turned it into a hit song):

1There’s an opportune time to do things, a right time for everything on the earth:

2-8A right time for birth and another for death,

A right time to plant and another to reap,

A right time to kill and another to heal,

A right time to destroy and another to construct,

A right time to cry and another to laugh,

A right time to lament and another to cheer,

A right time to make love and another to abstain,

A right time to embrace and another to part,

A right time to search and another to count your losses,

A right time to hold on and another to let go,

A right time to rip out and another to mend,

A right time to shut up and another to speak up,

A right time to love and another to hate,

A right time to wage war and another to make peace.

9-13 But in the end, does it really make a difference what anyone does? I’ve had a good look at what God has given us to do—busywork, mostly. True, God made everything beautiful in itself and in its time—but he’s left us in the dark, so we can never know what God is up to, whether he’s coming or going. I’ve decided that there’s nothing better to do than go ahead and have a good time and get the most we can out of life. That’s it—eat, drink, and make the most of your job. It’s God’s gift.

The Message, 3:1-13

 Something we have lost if one simply looks at the political landscape, and the life landscape. David’s are finally being exposed by their Bathsheba’s yet we are losing the voices of other victims. We are not seeing the full scope, because we are taking a pendulum swing to the extreme. The church swings to include LGBTTQ2+ but ignores those whom are differently abled…they may embrace women at certain points of clergy or at all points…yet then stumbles on some other sacramental non-sense. Society says all are welcome, then beats their drum for war saying they do not know how to stop radicalization yet the cure is in belonging same as any fringe group from cults to gangs that take in the one left outside.

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There is a time for healing. Our world struggles with catastrophe of addictions and as lives are lost we argue harm reduction versus abstinence, not realizing the answer resonates in the person and can be both.

We yearn for home. But create barriers for belonging for all. Use our religious texts to lie about poverty being a result of sin or falling short, and not realizing it, like addiction, is a symptom of the roots being shallow and dying.

We love our labels for it can make us feel superior, for we are not them or the other. Yet simply by creating the liberal wherever you say you exist on the spectrum of left-right you have created an us-them paradigm that leads to destruction.

For in each of us a season exists. And where the season leads that is the gift is to the one where the only label that exists is part of the family. For we are, each of us, human. Born of humans. The simplest message God tried to get through the darkness wreaked over generations from David to Joseph with Mary’s simple decision. She upset the world of her tiny village and made the bravest choice possible knowing she could lose all.

Yet her Y-E-S is the season we are in that encompasses the pendulum swings. For it is the eternal gift found in ancient poetry represented by one simple word in English- AND. We abide in the AND by joining Mary’s yes in allowing seasons to exist and realizing communally and individually the answers are not always definitive, but when we are interdependent and without labels our world is better.

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            As we journey as the Magi in this Christmas Season (12 days) what gifts are you bringing to the creche? What season are you bridging and choosing to be in the AND? What YES awaits in your heart?


It has been exploding repeatedly in time memorial. The #MeToo should bring even the most heartless to tears, as we see the horror we have wrecked over generations by teaching silence or the blame culture. For our young and old, not realizing that their voice matters. We saw the crumbling truly start when Spotlight finally gave voice to the abuse by Priests; TRC in Canada and Ireland added to where monsters hide and prey; Graham James showed us the dark side of sport; and now Harvey Weinstein in Hollywood.

I wish I could say these surprises, saddens yes, surprises no. It is one of the realities of pain that strips hope away from a person without belonging that I have strived so long to aid through their own strengths in rebuilding. They succeed in their choice whether that is a new life path after speaking their truth, or in choosing to end their life and the funeral I preside over.  Real life intersects with our cultural story no matter how troubling. This is what I have always brought to my writing, the pulpit or the classroom. Whether as a teacher or a student.

I am a classically trained theologian who has never truly accepted the canonical answers to biblical stories. More than likely because I am also a story teller so I truly love metaphor, imagery and character, how one story can be used to show so many truths, how what is left out can be as compelling as what makes it in.  Which brings us to a troubling story of horror and rape that has been, for lack of a better term, white washed with what is comfortable: David and Bathsheba.

The standard take is one of adultery, where Bathsheba’s beauty so drove King David into a sexual frenzy he could not control himself. Is the narrative sounding familiar?

There are 3 things I want to pull out of this:

  • A cultural narrative of victim blaming.
  • A cultural narrative of cover up
  • What needs to change

All can be found within the text. Sadly, very few probably have heard it in their lectionary readings on Sunday morning preached this way (or when it comes up, another passage is simply chosen that is easier).

The Passage 2 Samuel 11:

     In the spring of the year,[a] when kings normally go out to war, David sent Joab and the Israelite army to fight the Ammonites. They destroyed the Ammonite army and laid siege to the city of Rabbah. However, David stayed behind in Jerusalem.

Late one afternoon, after his midday rest, David got out of bed and was walking on the roof of the palace. As he looked out over the city, he noticed a woman of unusual beauty taking a bath. He sent someone to find out who she was, and he was told, “She is Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam and the wife of Uriah the Hittite.” Then David sent messengers to get her; and when she came to the palace, he slept with her. She had just completed the purification rites after having her menstrual period. Then she returned home. Later, when Bathsheba discovered that she was pregnant, she sent David a message, saying, “I’m pregnant.”

Then David sent word to Joab: “Send me Uriah the Hittite.” So Joab sent him to David. When Uriah arrived, David asked him how Joab and the army were getting along and how the war was progressing.Then he told Uriah, “Go on home and relax.[b]” David even sent a gift to Uriah after he had left the palace. But Uriah didn’t go home. He slept that night at the palace entrance with the king’s palace guard.

10 When David heard that Uriah had not gone home, he summoned him and asked, “What’s the matter? Why didn’t you go home last night after being away for so long?”

11 Uriah replied, “The Ark and the armies of Israel and Judah are living in tents,[c] and Joab and my master’s men are camping in the open fields. How could I go home to wine and dine and sleep with my wife? I swear that I would never do such a thing.”

12 “Well, stay here today,” David told him, “and tomorrow you may return to the army.” So Uriah stayed in Jerusalem that day and the next. 13 Then David invited him to dinner and got him drunk. But even then he couldn’t get Uriah to go home to his wife. Again he slept at the palace entrance with the king’s palace guard.

David Arranges for Uriah’s Death

14 So the next morning David wrote a letter to Joab and gave it to Uriah to deliver. 15 The letter instructed Joab, “Station Uriah on the front lines where the battle is fiercest. Then pull back so that he will be killed.” 16 So Joab assigned Uriah to a spot close to the city wall where he knew the enemy’s strongest men were fighting. 17 And when the enemy soldiers came out of the city to fight, Uriah the Hittite was killed along with several other Israelite soldiers.

18 Then Joab sent a battle report to David. 19 He told his messenger, “Report all the news of the battle to the king. 20 But he might get angry and ask, ‘Why did the troops go so close to the city? Didn’t they know there would be shooting from the walls? 21 Wasn’t Abimelech son of Gideon[d] killed at Thebez by a woman who threw a millstone down on him from the wall? Why would you get so close to the wall?’ Then tell him, ‘Uriah the Hittite was killed, too.’”

22 So the messenger went to Jerusalem and gave a complete report to David. 23 “The enemy came out against us in the open fields,” he said. “And as we chased them back to the city gate, 24 the archers on the wall shot arrows at us. Some of the king’s men were killed, including Uriah the Hittite.”

25 “Well, tell Joab not to be discouraged,” David said. “The sword devours this one today and that one tomorrow! Fight harder next time, and conquer the city!”

26 When Uriah’s wife heard that her husband was dead, she mourned for him. 27 When the period of mourning was over, David sent for her and brought her to the palace, and she became one of his wives. Then she gave birth to a son. But the Lord was displeased with what David had done.

(New Living Translation)

            What is the story?

Essentially a horny ruler goes up to his roof top to masturbate. Back in this period baths were on the roofs, he knew what he was doing, at the very least he is a peeping tom voyeur, at worst a sexual predator—oh wait—he then sent for the object of his masturbation to RAPE. Check-sexual predator.

Now others will say Bathsheba knew she was married and shouldn’t, well, one does what the King wants or one ends up dead. Bring the story into the 21st century lens, shock over takes the system, the victim is not to blame when soldiers show up at your door to bring you into the den of evil.

How do we know David knew he was doing wrong?

He had her husband killed to cover up.

Also, later, God herself would state due to blood being on his hands he would not get to build a glorious kingdom, and that fell to—Solomon. The only act of redemption that could come from this horror.  The blood of Uriah, the blood of the RAPE of Bathsheba.

Read the text, sit with it.

Can you see anything else in light of the #MeToo? Can you see anything different in light of the Jehovah Witness, Alliance Church, Roman Catholic sex abuse cover up? In light of Residential Schools?

That is the lens we pull the story in to. The lens that the Holy Mystery was attempting to get his children to see through the horror and the cover up. Unfortunately, pre-exile it was very much a pre-adolescent species, post exile it was a traumatized adolescent nation. How do we know of the trauma? The history of the nation was re-written post exile and is found in the books dubbed Chronicles, highly sanitized where this story is left out completely.

Why? The traumatized’s first response is disassociation. Closing out the horrible history. Not dealing with it. Lock it away. In worst scenario’s it leads to what is currently diagnosed as Dissociative Identity Disorder, historically known as Multiple Personality Disorder. What we see trickling out when locked away long enough is inter-generational trauma, and normalization of abuse patterns as actually loving and caring, as transaction for success, and blaming the victim.

The Holy Mystery inspired the writers to put in, and remove what is found in foundation legends and myths of the Hebrew Bible and Christian Testament. The story of Bathsheba was left in pre-exile, and has been used to create a culture of victim blaming for sexual abuse. Post-exile it was removed, and normalized to well 4 children came from the marriage. The mind doesn’t even realize Stockholm syndrome because these are “blessed texts” so it was God’s plan. Or was it simply the way a sexual predator works, and light needed to be shone on it?

Our history, and our present speak to a need for those who say they are spiritual, religious and/or followers of Brother Jesus to stand with the emerging voice, affirm the voice, and know that society needs to change. It has happened throughout our history.

A history where the writer of the Gospel of Matthew felt it was important that a victim be named into the genealogy of Brother Jesus, to ensure that strength was not forgotten. To ensure that we always stood with the one without voice, to allow their voice to emerge no matter how shaky so the truth can be known.

Sanitizing our history does not make things better. It allows for thousands of years of Bathsheba’s in all genders and sexualities to exist. Our history needs to be spoken with brutal honesty and truth in all its beauty and ugliness, and held in the sacrament of confession. Only then can we choose as the family of humanity to step forward in communal healing into the sacrament of reconciliation.

But it starts with those who teach, and those who learn.

Are we willing to accept the story in all its horror?

Are we willing at the end of hearing…

To choose L-I-F-E?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

To choose L-I-F-E?


2 Samuel 11

New King James Version (NKJV)

David, Bathsheba, and Uriah

11 It happened in the spring of the year, at the time when kings go out to battle, that David sent Joab and his servants with him, and all Israel; and they destroyed the people of Ammon and besieged Rabbah. But David remained at Jerusalem.

Then it happened one evening that David arose from his bed and walked on the roof of the king’s house. And from the roof he saw a woman bathing, and the woman was very beautiful to behold. So David sent and inquired about the woman. And someone said, “Is this not Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam, the wife of Uriah the Hittite?” Then David sent messengers, and took her; and she came to him, and he lay with her, for she was cleansed from her impurity; and she returned to her house. And the woman conceived; so she sent and told David, and said, “I am with child.”

Then David sent to Joab, saying, “Send me Uriah the Hittite.” And Joab sent Uriah to David. When Uriah had come to him, David asked how Joab was doing, and how the people were doing, and how the war prospered. And David said to Uriah, “Go down to your house and wash your feet.” So Uriah departed from the king’s house, and a gift of food from the king followed him. But Uriah slept at the door of the king’s house with all the servants of his lord, and did not go down to his house. 10 So when they told David, saying, “Uriah did not go down to his house,” David said to Uriah, “Did you not come from a journey? Why did you not go down to your house?”

11 And Uriah said to David, “The ark and Israel and Judah are dwelling in tents, and my lord Joab and the servants of my lord are encamped in the open fields. Shall I then go to my house to eat and drink, and to lie with my wife? As you live, and as your soul lives, I will not do this thing.”

12 Then David said to Uriah, “Wait here today also, and tomorrow I will let you depart.” So Uriah remained in Jerusalem that day and the next. 13 Now when David called him, he ate and drank before him; and he made him drunk. And at evening he went out to lie on his bed with the servants of his lord, but he did not go down to his house.

14 In the morning it happened that David wrote a letter to Joab and sent it by the hand of Uriah. 15 And he wrote in the letter, saying, “Set Uriah in the forefront of the hottest battle, and retreat from him, that he may be struck down and die.” 16 So it was, while Joab besieged the city, that he assigned Uriah to a place where he knew there were valiant men. 17 Then the men of the city came out and fought with Joab. And some of the people of the servants of David fell; and Uriah the Hittite died also.

18 Then Joab sent and told David all the things concerning the war, 19 and charged the messenger, saying, “When you have finished telling the matters of the war to the king, 20 if it happens that the king’s wrath rises, and he says to you: ‘Why did you approach so near to the city when you fought? Did you not know that they would shoot from the wall? 21 Who struck Abimelech the son of Jerubbesheth?[a] Was it not a woman who cast a piece of a millstone on him from the wall, so that he died in Thebez? Why did you go near the wall?’—then you shall say, ‘Your servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also.’”

22 So the messenger went, and came and told David all that Joab had sent by him. 23 And the messenger said to David, “Surely the men prevailed against us and came out to us in the field; then we drove them back as far as the entrance of the gate. 24 The archers shot from the wall at your servants; and some of the king’s servants are dead, and your servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also.”

25 Then David said to the messenger, “Thus you shall say to Joab: ‘Do not let this thing displease you, for the sword devours one as well as another. Strengthen your attack against the city, and overthrow it.’ So encourage him.”

26 When the wife of Uriah heard that Uriah her husband was dead, she mourned for her husband. 27 And when her mourning was over, David sent and brought her to his house, and she became his wife and bore him a son. But the thing that David had done displeased the Lord.

When I learned to be a spiritual director, one exercise they gave us was to re-write stories from the Bible from each perspective of the characters involved. I found it easy to writer from the noble mindset of Uriah; from the fear of a woman being called to be raped without power in her world to argue against her ruler.

The one I found it hard to write from was that of King David. You see in my world I find it hard to relate to a misogynistic sexual deviant.

Harsh language some would say. But let’s be honest here, David knew what he was doing when he ascended to the rooftop. He knew he was going to see naked women, and he knew his position of authority. He knew that when he saw one that would arouse him sexually he would be able to have her without complaint (for is she complained she would be killed)… a textbook serial rapist (so speaketh the psychologist in me).

Then carefully plotting the murder of Uriah (the husband) when he refused to cover up the pregnancy caused by the rape. David became a murderer, and with God stating the blood on David’s hands would stop him from building the temple one has to ponder if it was because David was a warlord, or because Bathsheba was not the first this stunt had happened with?

Then what? From abuse of power; sexual abuse; murder and to the next step when Bathsheba was spiritually raped once more for under Levitical Law she was defiled and as such became the property of her rapist.

Totally without voice abused multiple times, she gives birth to a child, that dies mysteriously…some historians believe King David in a fit of anger after being confronted by the Prophet Nathan killed the baby for the first born was to be sacrificed to the Lord (a rather literal understanding of the Isaac and Abraham story).

Some would say though why did Bathsheba stay with her rapist? What options did she have? Death as a sex trade worker? Stoned by the priests? Death at her own hand? She was conditioned to understand that she was nothing more than property under the Patriarchal system, and as such if she chose any other option she would not be with God because David ruled by divine right…God anointed. She had no options as a devout Israelite but to stay for that was her role as property.

Where is the hope in this story that has survived in the Bible? A text of hate and torture for all that have endured Rape, Spiritual Abuse, political abuse and loss of child? Is it these actions that show a God of love? A holy king?

 

No.

 

It is a story of redemption for Bathsheba for it was through her tortured life that Jesus was born into the world. It was Solomon, the second child that the line of the Messiah was started, the redemption of the devil seed David. Bathsheba named and honoured in the Genealogy of our Lord Christ Jesus in Matthew. She had no options but to survive.

 

Did she like it? No. Did she complain about it? How could she? She did what a good mum does, she protected her son, Solomon, so he could be the best and answer his calling from God. She did what the system of her time allowed her to do.

 

Do we look at this story and see adulter? No, it is rape.

Do we look at this story and say that an abused should stay with their abuser today?

HELL NO.

Our system is different, we have more options, what we need to do is look at Bathsheba and say she did what the system allowed her to do to live and prosper.

What does our system today allow for a women (or anyone in dire straights) to escape and survive from a monster like David?

Shelters; Social Services; Child care; medical care; health care; psychological care; spiritual care; safe houses…

If you know of a Bathsheba in your life, PLEASE help her to realize there is a better choice than enduring, that system is no longer valid.


Introduction

                Many modern commentators will get hung up on the historic accuracy of 1 & 2 Samuel, speak of how they were written pre-exile to Babylon which is why they give such an unauthorized version of the royal family as opposed to Chronicles which is the sanitized or authorized version post-exile. But this phenomenon of literalism is a recent 100 year invention and misses the point of the beauty of the inspired nature of the Biblical Text.  For years they were told and retold, read, not as literal black and white truth, but for the deeper meaning, the mythology, that is the eternal truth discovered within that lends itself to revisiting the text again and again. This short reflection is going to look at David, shepherd King of Israel and reflect on what this collection of stories means for our own spiritual journeys. There are five in the cycle of David and:

Each of these speaks to an eternal truth that may or may not aid our journeys today, but one day.

Goliath

                It was war, funny how that happens in the Hebrew Bible that which Christians refer to as the Old Testament. These are stories that I will not hide, are filled with blood, misogyny and hate. Yet again, we must dig deeper.

                Let us set the stage, the stories of Samuel opens with Hannah, a woman who is barren which pretty much renders her as a non-entity in her culture. She prays to God promising to dedicate the baby to God. Voila, Samuel is born, and handed over the priest to be raised and Samuel becomes a prophet. During this time the people feel that direct communion and leadership with God and want to be like everyone else (possibly a metaphor of peer pressure for today?) and that they want a king. God relents as most good parents will; the adolescent must grow up, and be given just enough rope to sample the world without being destroyed by it. So God locates what a typical King should be, that is the all powerful Saul.

                And enter the ongoing war dynamic. Israel is at war with the Philistines, it is a constant cycle, but the leader of the Philistines is a man named, Goliath, who quite possibly could be one of the left over Nephilim from Genesis 9 with how he is described. The die is cast as a challenge is laid down, any of you can defeat me, and the invading army will turn back, but if we beat your champion you are ours. Contrary to popular opinion there was no brave souls among the armies of Israel, but one shepherd boy was hearing voices. Yup, those fun voices, and the call of God, picking up five smooth stones he went to the battlefield and told the king his plan. Saul was a bit sheepish, but let’s face it, send the boy to his death or go and die yourself.

                David was provided with armour, and told the “proper” ways to conduct the battle, but what is the point of this story? Simple, that the proper or traditional ways are not always what is needed, David shucked the armour and weapontry away, and entered the field with his crook, slingshot, and five stones. How did it end?

                The boy one, and became a favourite of the king, but it was illuminated that this David was to replace Saul as a more righteous king.

Saul

                The Saul-David dynamic is a yin-yang story while it unfolds before Saul dies. It is two sides of the same coin, Saul the one in rebellion, David the one on the path to God. Running from the Holy, communing with the Holy. Where Saul felt he needed to jump through the hoops of tradition and the rules, but impose his own control on God and place God in the familiar box, David realized that the rules were created for man, not man for the rules, and as such there was flexibility, understanding and love within them.

                From my reading, this story is more about the self transformation of an individual as the king transitions from the selfish Saul to one focused on the selfless love of God, but the journey is not always that simple, for there are things that we bring alongside that twists a person.

Jonathan

                Soul Friend, or as we would say in the 21st century, Soul Mate, this is how Jonathan, Saul’s son, relationship with David was described. You can culturfy all the kissing and hugging to death that you want, but what you have within this story is a love story. Two souls becoming one, and a culture that would not accept it, mostly because Jonathan’s father was attempting to save his job and whack David the man who was his succession plan which doesn’t lend itself too well for an in-laws relationship.

                When Jonathan dies, it falls apart for David. This falling apart leads into polygamy, but also a viewpoint within David that sees his female romantic partners as property that are there only to pleasure the king.

Bathsheba

THIS IS NOT A STORY OF ADULTERY. For adultery to happen it takes two consenting parties choosing to break their vows of monogamy with another and inter into a sexual or intimate relationship with one another. What this is, is a predatory relationship of David wanting to step outside the norm for gratification of a power-sexual dynamic.

                Bathsheba was bathing on the roof most likely because her menstruation cycle had just ended and under “Levitical” law she was deemed unclean. It was due to the fear of the power of the women’s blood that led to laws around uncleanliness with menstruation, because tribal cultures of the period say the power of life and death within menstruation. So she was ritually cleaning (baptizing) herself to be able to enter the women’s segregated side of the tent of worship after her 7 day cleanse.

                David knew he would see naked women who were to be kept separate when he stood up on his roof to pleasure himself. It was like the original porno. But masturbation (wasting the male seed, which was seen as the source of life as well) was not enough. David needed more, and his concubines were not doing it, he was never allowed to actually fruitfully live his life with Jonathan. All this coalesced into the rape dynamic. Soldiers were dispatched to seize Bathsheba and bring her to the King’s chamber.

                Think about what she was feeling, humiliation and shame at this time of ritual and worship being told that she was to come to see the king, barely clothed led through the city at night by soldiers to David. Scared, humiliated, cold, and confused she stands before this aroused warrior. Smelling the sex off of him towards her, she had not way out, in fact this power dynamic would play out in later feudal systems where the first night of claiming virginity became the right of the sovereign to ensure a couple could wed, which is where the term F-U-C-K came from (Fornication Under Consent of the King).

                David raped Bathsheba, impregnating her. When this was discovered, wanting to continue to control her (the psychosis of a rapist), he plotted the revenge murder of her husband. Once that was accomplished and the son was delivered, David’s madness knew no bounds.

                Kyle Baker did an amazing graphic novel on the story of David that I would recommend to anyone, the closing scene is of David lost in his psychosis committing infanticide, killing the child born out of the rape. Sending a culminating message to Bathsheba, I own you, you have no power.

                Not a story of love, but rather a story of the depths a person can take corruption to and the hatred of self and sickness that can exist within a person.

Nathan

                Nathan is the agent of original restorative justice (okay not really, that was back in the garden) for he gives David the wake up call. The call, you are on thin ice, and God is seeking a regime change. David was hit where he lived. His power, and self-awareness came through the mentoring relationship with Nathan. The healing journey for the offender, and the victim begins.

                It also speaks to redemption and healing with the birth of Solomon, the one who would build the Temple, because it was through Solomon that Bathsheba was actualized as a human being, for David became less, and Bathsheba’s son redeemed the nation of Israel.

                Nathan was the change catalyst, an ancient Phoenix Project for sex offenders, that if the times allowed for it, I could see David releasing Bathsheba, unfortunately due to the culture dynamic releasing Bathsheba would have caused harm, as she would have had to turn to temple prostitution or the sex trade living rough in the city and dying in the gutter. David’s heart changed and it went from a power dynamic to a healing dynamic.

Conclusion

                The point of the David narrative is not to show the historical truth of Israel as a nation, and not just a tribal society. It is not to sing the praises of Mandom, or how wonderful a person David was. It is showing that no one is beyond redemption, that life is a struggle, as the Buddhist call it, Dukkha, that ambivalence of choice we are constantly living in and that are choices have consequences. These consequences depending on the choice are positive or negative, but not just for us. We live in interdependent communities in which our choices affect others as well.